Sir Creek Agreement Upsc

Out of a total of 7417 kilometers of coastline of India that share nine states, Gujarat is the state with the largest coastline, with 1663 kilometers. The coast of Gujarat is characterized by two large gulfs. Golf of Katch and Gulf of Cambay. Part of Pakistan`s coast adjoins the Indian coast of Gujarat. But there are no bilateral agreements that define maritime borders. Not only are these borders not clarified, but there is no clear fisheries legislation. The Acts on the Maritime Zones of India and Pakistan are almost twin, but none of them should be in conformity with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The problem between India and Pakistan over Sir Creek is the interpretation of the border between Sindh and Kutch. The area was under the jurisdiction of the Bombay Presidency under British rule. After independence, Kutch came under India and Sindh to Pakistan.

But Pakistan claims the entire stream in accordance with the agreement signed in 1914 between Rao Maharaj von Kutch and the Sindh government. India and have had previous discussions {no later than 2012} on Sir Creek Dispute. They have not changed their claims to the creek since. In 2007, the two sides exchanged cards that matched. But the trial was derailed by the Mumbai attacks. Sir Creek (/savour ╦łkrik/ (listen) savour KREEK), originally Ban Ganga,[1] is a 96 km (60 mile) marshy mouth in the unmanned marshes of the Indus Delta, on the border between India and Pakistan. The torrent flows into the Arabian Sea and separates the Indian state of Gujarat from Pakistan`s Sindh province. [2] The long Indo-Pakistani border dispute between Le Creek and Pakistan ranged from the delimitation “of the mouth of Sir Creek to the summit of Sir Creek and from the tip of Sir Creek eastwards at a point on the Western Terminus line.” [2] [3] From that date, the time limit is clearly defined in the Tribunal`s 1968 arbitral award. [4] Pakistan built the LBOD Canal between 1987 and 1997 to collect agricultural salt water and industrial wastewater produced in the area surrounding the main Indus River.

The LBOD Channel discharges salt and contaminated water to Sir Creek for disposal in the sea, without contaminating the fresh water available in the Indus. However, the construction of the LBOD is contrary to the Indus Water Treaty (Article IV) and causes property damage (i.e. flooding of the exposed stream area during low tide) in India. Pakistan therefore has an economic interest in keeping the dispute alive and not in resolving it in accordance with international conventions. If India physically (partially or totally) owns the water body of the stream, India may settle the LBOD dispute in accordance with the arbitration available in the Indus Water Contract. [8] India continues its position that the border is in the Central Canal, as shown by another map drawn in 1925 and implemented by the installation of columns of middle canals in 1924. [12] Although Pakistan does not dispute the 1925 map, it asserts that the doctrine is not applicable in this case, given that it most often applies to non-tides and that Sir Creek is a tidal estuary. . .