Yukon First Nations Umbrella Agreement

To learn more about Yukon`s modern treaties and self-government agreements, visit the Facebook page or mapping the Way website (Mapping the Way is a public education partnership initiative of Yukon`s 11 self-governing First Nations, the Council of Yukon First Nations, and the governments of Yukon and Canada to celebrate and raise awareness of the Yukon Accords and how they benefit to all Yukoners.) After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic Final Framework Agreement (UFA) was signed in 1993. It provided the template for negotiating individual land claim agreements (called “final agreements”) with each Yukon First Nation. Yukon land claims refer to the process of negotiating and settling Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. Based on historical occupation and use, First Nations claim fundamental rights to all lands. While the Final Framework Agreement provides a framework within which each of the 14 Yukon First Nations will enter into a final claims settlement agreement, all of the provisions of the UFA are part of any Final First Nations Agreement (NPF). The final agreements contain the entire text of the final framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions that apply to each First Nation. Before Yukon First Nations regained self-government, the federal government regulated how they could use their lands. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed Yukon lands and resources as all in their possession. [3] This was based on the traditional occupation and use of these lands.

But all Yukon affairs were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (AAFC). [3] AACI was responsible for establishing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nations bands implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them. [3] Land claim agreements take place in areas of Canada where Aboriginal land rights have not been addressed by previous treaties or other legal means. In the Yukon, a number of modern, forward-looking treaties, also known as Final Agreements, have been negotiated to settle these land claims. Each land claims agreement is also accompanied by a self-government agreement that gives First Nations the right to legislate in a number of areas. These agreements give First Nations the power to control and direct their own affairs and describe a First Nation`s ability to assume responsibility for delivering programs or services to its citizens. [8] The Final Framework Agreement (MFA) was concluded in 1988 and concluded in 1990. .